Briefing Paper: GPH "3-for-1" Proposal

Wednesday, December 7, 2011 - 00:00


The GPH “3-for-1” proposal contains the Government’s approach to the substantive issues in the peace negotiations with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).

The document was submitted during the 22nd exploratory talks on August 22, 2011 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

It is intended as the Government’s starting or opening position on the substantive issues.


General Framework

The proposed Agreement recognizes that the Republic of the Philippines is made up diverse communities whose citizens can claim meaningful autonomy and self-governance within the framework of national sovereignty and territorial integrity.

The proposed Agreement recognizes the legitimate grievances and claims of the people of Moro ancestry and origin, and the non-Moro indigenous peoples of Mindanao and Sulu archipelago, having continuously lived, occupied, and possessed their historic homeland.

The proposed Agreement realizes that the participation of all stakeholders, their conviction of the viability of the modalities of the proposal, and their informed consent are essential to find a just and lasting solution to the armed conflict between the Philippine Government (GPH) and the Bangsamoro.

The proposed Agreement provides a mechanism for continuing partnership between the GPH and the MILF that will pave the way for legal and other reforms that will realize Bangsamoro self-governance and development, and builds on prior signed agreements  between the GPH and the MILF and other key documents.

The ultimate goal of the proposal is to attain a just peace in Mindanao through a comprehensice political settlement that enjoys political support, establishes democratic and effective institutions, and delivers economic development.


3-for-1: Three Approaches for One Problem

The GPH proposal or the "3-for-1" proposal ("the Proposal") consists of "three (3) approaches for one (1) problem" seeking to:

  • Address social and economic development needs in a participative manner;
  • Reform legal and political environments to allow meaningful autonomy and self-governance; and
  • Acknowledge the historical causes of conflict towards reconciliation.

The three approaches are to simultaneously undertaken. One is not a precondition to the other.


Briefing Paper - GPH 3-For-1 Proposal